Herpes is an infection of the skin which is caused by herpes simplex virus (HSV). There are 8 types of herpes virus which can cause shingles, chicken pox, and brain infection and eye infection apart from genital and oral herpes. Oral and genital herpes is very common disease in the United States, almost 50 percent population of this country suffering from this condition. Herpes is a very contagious disease and it can spread through from sexual to non-sexual contact. Most commonly herpes simplex cause oral herpes and genital herpes. Oral herpes is an infection of the lips, mouth or gum. It causes small painful blisters and it also called as a fever blisters and cold sores. Genital herpes is a sexually transmitted disease which is highly contagious and caused by the same virus which causes oral herpes. Oral herpes is caused by sharing personal contact of an infected person like lip balm, razors and towels. This virus gets into your body through your mucus membrane and your mucus membranes are the thin layers of the tissue that line the openings of body. This can found in your nose, mouth and genitals. Symptoms of oral and genital herpes are blisters, sores, pain while urination, swollen lymph nodes, fever, body ache, headache, problem in swallowing, red and tiny white blisters. The most important question is how anyone can know that he/ she have herpes or not. Because some people don’t have any sores but they can still pass this virus to others. So, if you want to stop spreading this virus to others, you have to take a herpes test whether you have herpes or not. There are certain types of tests available by which you can identify that you have herpes or not.
Viral culture test
The herpes viral culture of lessen test is a laboratory test that is used to determine a skin sore contains the herpes simplex virus or not. Viral culture test is also called as a herpes simplex virus culture. Your doctor will collect the sample from your sores and also it takes a sample of the skin from your affected area. This test is done by qualified healthcare provider. You may feel discomfort during the procedure. If your lesion is located in your throat or eye, a sterile swab must be used for sample collection. Your sample will be taken to the lab for analysis.
These tests works by measuring the levels of herpes simplex antibodies inside your body. Antibodies are substances which are produced by your immune system to fight against infections like herpes. Blood tests detect herpes by looking for antibodies in your blood. Blood test can be done even when there are no symptoms present. If the herpes antibodies are found in the blood, it means that herpes simplex virus is in your body. It is the very effective way to detect this type of infection.
Antigen detecting test
The third type of herpes test is antigen test. It is used less frequently and it is almost similar to cultural test. Unlike the cultural test it does not require growing the virus but rather seeks to identify the herpes by the presence of antigens. Antigens are fragments of the virus that are known to stimulate immune response. Antigen tests can produce results more quickly and sometimes less expensive.
These are some ways by which you can identify that you have herpes or not. These tests are done by the healthcare provider in a clinic. These are the perfect ways by which you can know about herpes. It is in your hands to control the spread of the virus by taking preventative methods. If you found positive in these tests, stop doing sexual activities and sharing personal items with other so that no other person can get this disease from you.
The next step after getting diagnosed with herpes is to go for its treatment method. Click here to know about the various methods of herpes cure.