Herpes – Facts And Stats
Herpes is the virus with multiple strains, HSV1 and HSV2 causing oral and genital herpes. Other common disease is caused by various herpes strains include chicken pox or shingles (caused by a herpes zoster virus) and Kaposi’s sarcoma (caused by herpes virus 8). Herpes virus infects the skin and mucus membranes. An individual can be infected by both type of herpes 1 and herpes 2. In fact, approximately half of new cases of genital herpes in United States are caused by oral herpes infections. Herpes type 1 and 2 can be contracted during anal, vaginal or oral sex. HSV-1 is a viral STD that lives in nerve cells and it causes cold sores or fever blisters on mouth or around that area. It is called oral herpes when it affects the mouth or skin around the mouth. It can be transmitted even when signs and symptoms are not present. HSV-2 is also a viral STD and it can cause sores and blisters on the genitals, anus or upper thighs. A case of either HSV-1 or HSV-2 is called genital herpes when it affects genital or the genital area. Cases of genital herpes are usually caused by HSV-2 strain but, HSV-1 cases of genital herpes are becoming more and more common.
Herpes in Pregnancy
Typically, oral herpes does not affect pregnancies. Genital herpes, on the other hand, can be very dangerous to an infant during child birth. If the mother has an active infection (whether symptoms are present or not), the baby can contact the virus. If a baby contract the virus during birth, it can affect the skin, eyes, mouth, central nervous system and even spread to internal organs via disseminated disease which can cause organ failure and lead to death. To prevent the transmission to infant, doctors will perform a cesarean section delivery. It is recommended to take antiviral medications during pregnancy. After delivery breastfeeding is considered safe unless there is a herpes lesion or sores develop on the breast.
Tests for Herpes Before Planning Pregnancy
Herpes viral culture
This is the test to find herpes virus. If no virus is there inside the cells, the culture test is negative and if the herpes virus infects the cells the culture test is positive. The culture test often fails to find the virus even when it is present (false-negative results).
Herpes virus antigen detection test
This test finds marks called antigen on the surface of the cells infected with the herpes virus. This test may be done with or in place of viral culture test.
Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test
A PCR finds the genetic material of the HSV virus. This herpes test can tell the difference between HSV-1 and HSV-2. PCR is used mainly for testing spinal fluid in rare cases when herpes may have caused the infection in or around the brain.
Antibodies tests are done but are not as accurate as viral culture test at finding the cause of a specific sore or ulcer. Antibodies tests cannot tell the difference between a current active herpes and h the rpes infection that occurred in the past. Antibodies take time to develop after the first infection and you may not have a positive antibodies test if you have just been recently infected.
IgG herpes test is considered to be the most accurate test among all. To know more about IgG herpes test, visit http://www.herpescure9.com/uncategorized/everything-igg-herpes-test/
Blood tests can be used when a person have no visible symptoms but, has concern about having herpes. Blood tests do not actually detect the virus: instead, they look for antibodies (the body’s immune response) in the blood. You can pass this virus even if you don’t have any visible sores. This process is known as “shedding”. Genital herpes can be very dangerous to an infant during childbirth. C- Section deliveries are often performed to avoid transmission. HSV-1 and HSV-2 lie dormant in nerve cells and periodically cause outbreaks at unpredictable times. Try to avoid touching your sores because by this infection can spread to another parts of your body too.